Type I and II diabetes affects millions of people in the U.S. At his University Heights office, Dr. Papas uses comprehensive care and evaluation techniques to help patients throughout the San Diego area manage their diabetes and performs assessments of patients at risk for developing the disease.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body has difficulty processing and balancing glucose (blood sugar) and insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. The right levels of glucose and insulin are vitally important for ensuring the organs get the right amounts of nutrients they need. In people with diabetes, the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or doesn't produce any insulin at all, which results in a build-up of glucose in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes – type I, an autoimmune disorder which almost always occurs in childhood, and type II, which tends to occur in adults but may also occur in children who are obese or have other metabolic issues. A third type, gestational diabetes, develops in some women who are pregnant.
The best way to determine your risk level is to have a comprehensive physical exam with blood work to measure the level of glucose in your blood. Urine tests can also determine if your body has excess glucose that isn't being properly processed. You can also determine if you're at risk by knowing the risk factors associated with type I and type II diabetes:
family history of diabetes – people with close relatives with diabetes are more likely to develop type I or type II diabetes
viral illnesses – researchers believe exposure to some viruses may play a role in developing type I diabetes is some people
being overweight or obese
being physically inactive
having high blood pressure
having high cholesterol levels
Diabetes has been linked with increased risks of cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, kidney damage, vision loss, hearing impairment, skin infections, circulation issues and Alzheimer's disease. Managing diabetes can help you lower these risks substantially.
We accept most major insurance plans including HMO, PPO, Tricare, and Medicare. Please contact our office if you have any questions.
"He caught a condition that somehow escaped all of my previous doctors, and his knowledge is what helped me solve this issue that has plagued me for years."
"Dr. Papas has treated my family for the past 17 years. He has consistently provided excellent diagnosis and the time to answer questions. His attitude is commendable."
"I thought dr. papas was really helpful. I was diagnosed with a kidney infection and he was incredibly helpful and kind."